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Re-Engineering Informationg Technology Design Considerations for Competency Education

Page history last edited by nslocum@aurora-institute.org 5 years, 6 months ago

Information management systems were identified as a key issue at the Competency-based Pathways Summit. The following are resources related to the briefing paper Re-Engineering Information Technology Design Considerations for Competency Education.  As new resources are identified they will be add to this site.



Glossary of Terms, Initiatives and Organizations 


Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) http://www.adlnet.org/

The ADL Initiative was established in 1997 to standardize and modernize training and education management and delivery, and is part of the Department of Defense Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Readiness). The vision of the ADL Initiative is to provide access to the highest quality learning and performance aiding that can be tailored to individual needs, and delivered cost effectively at the right time and at the right place.


Assessment Interoperability Framework (AIF) https://ceds.ed.gov/aif.aspx

The SIF Association and the IMS Global Learning Consortium have just released version 1 of the AIF as part of a joint partnership established to support the U.S. Department of Education’s Race to the Top Assessment (RTTA) Consortia. This unprecedented collaboration between the two leading educational data standards offers a significant advance over paper assessments, which are now demonstrably inferior to their electronic counterparts with respect to cost, processing time, and ability to personalize instruction and leverage centralized professional development resources.


Common Education Data Standards (CEDS) https://ceds.ed.gov/
The CEDS project is a national collaborative effort to develop voluntary, common data standards for a key setof education data elements to streamline the exchange and comparison of data across institutions and sectors.


Federated search

Federated search is an information retrieval technology that allows the simultaneous search of multiple searchable resources. A user makes a single query request that is distributed to the search engines participating in the federation. The federated search then aggregates the results that are received from the search engines for presentation to the user. (Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federated_search)


IMS specifications and standards

IMS specifications and standards cover most of the data elements used in “distributed and collaborative learning.” IMS specifications promote the adoption of learning and educational technology and allow selection of best- of-breed products that can be easily integrated with other such products. These include a wide variety of technologies that support or enhance the learning experience, such as Web-based course management systems, learning management systems, virtual learning environments, instructional management systems, student administrative systems, e-portfolios, assessment systems, adaptive tutoring systems, collaborative learning tools, Web 2.0 social learning tools, learning object repositories, and so forth. These include technologies and products that support learning situations that involve support for collaborative learning involving learners and instructors. The learners may be in a traditional educational environment (e.g., a school classroom in a university), in a corporate or government training setting, or at home. (Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IMS_Global)




Interoperability is a property of a product or system, whose interfaces are completely understood, to work with other products or systems, present or future, without any restricted access or implementation. (Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interoperability



Of or relating to the ability to share data between different computer systems, especially on different machines: interoperable network management systems. (World English Dictionary http://dictionary. reference.com/browse/interoperable?s=t


Learning Registry http://www.learningregistry.org/

The Learning Registry is a new approach to capturing, sharing, and analyzing learning resource data to broaden the usefulness of digital content to benefit educators and learners. It is an open source technical system designed to facilitate the exchange of data behind the scenes, and an open community of resource creators, publishers, curators, and consumers who are collaborating to broadly share resources, as well as information about how those resources are used by educators in diverse learning environments across the Web.


Learning Resource Metadata Initiative (LRMI)http://www.lrmi.net/ 
The LRMI has developed a common metadata framework for describing or “tagging” learning resources on the Web.



Metadata describes other data. It provides information about a certain item’s content. For example, an image may include metadata that describes how large the picture is, the color depth, the image resolution, when the image was created, and other data. A text document’s metadata may contain information about how long the document is, who the author is, when the document was written, and a short summary of the document. Web pages often include metadata in the form of meta tags. Description and keywords meta tags are commonly used to describe the Web page’s content. Most search engines use this data when adding pages to their search index. (Definition: http://www.techterms.com/definition/metadata

Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) http://www.parcconline.org/

The Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) is a consortium of 23 states plus the U.S. Virgin Islands working together to develop a common set of K–12 assessments in English and math anchored in what it takes to be ready for college and careers. These new K–12 assessments will build a pathway to college and career readiness by the end of high school, mark students’ progress toward this goal from 3rd grade up, and provide teachers with timely information to inform instruction and provide student support. The PARCC assessments will be ready for states to administer during the 2014–2015 school year. PARCC received $186 million in grant funds from the U.S. Department of Education’s Race to the Top assessment competition to support the development and design of the next-generation assessment system. Collectively, the states in PARCC educate about 25 million students and include 10 of the 12 Race to the Top winners.


inBloom Inc. (formerly Shared Learning Collaborative) https://www.inBloom.org

inBloom Inc. is a nonprofit organization established to carry forward the mission of the Shared Learning Collaborative. inBloom provides technology services that allow states and public school districts to better integrate student data and learning applications to support sustainable, cost-effective personalized learning. inBloom is funded with initial philanthropic support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Carnegie Corporation of New York. https://www.inbloom.org/inbloom-launch

Shared Learning Collaborative (SLC) http://slcedu.org/


The SLC worked to make personalized learning a reality for every United States student by improving the usefulness, variety, and affordability of education technology. A non-profit, inBloom, Inc. has been launched to carry-on the work started by the SLC.


SIF (Schools Interoperability Framework) Association http://www.sifinfo.org/us/index.asp

The SIF Association is a non-profit membership organization whose members include over 3,200 software vendors, school districts, state departments of education, and other organizations active in primary and secondary (pK–12) markets. These organizations have come together to create a set of rules and definitions which enable software programs from different companies to share information. This set of platform- independent, vendor-neutral rules and definitions is called the SIF Implementation Specification. The SIF Specification makes it possible for programs within a school or district to share data without any additional programming and without requiring each vendor to learn and support the intricacies of other vendors’ applications. The goal of the SIF Association is to make it possible for school administrators, teachers, and other school personnel to have access to the most current and accurate data available.


Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC) http://www.smarterbalanced.org

Smarter Balanced is a state-led consortium of 25 states developing assessments aligned to the Common Core State Standards in English language arts/literacy and mathematics that are designed to help prepare all students to graduate high school college- and career-ready. The SBAC focus is on assessing students annually in grades three through eight in English language arts and mathematics and once in grades ten through twelve under current federal requirements. Smarter Balanced is one of two multistate consortia awarded funding from the U.S. Department of Education in 2010 to develop an assessment system aligned to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) by the 2014–2015 school year.


Student-Centered Learning

Student-centered learning (SCL), or learner-centeredness, is a learning model that places the student (learner) in the center of the learning process. In student-centered learning, students are active participants in their learning; they learn at their own pace and use their own strategies; they are more intrinsically
than extrinsically motivated; learning is more individualized than standardized. Student-centered learning develops learning-how-to-learn skills such as problem solving, critical thinking, and reflective thinking. Student-centered learning accounts for and adapts to different learning styles of students (National Center for Research on Teacher Learning. 1999) http://www.intime.uni.edu/model/center_of_learning_files/definition.html



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